Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) The hallmarks of narcissisticpersonality disorder (NPD) are grandiosity, a lack of empathy for other people, and a need for admiration. People with this condition are frequently described as arrogant, charming, self-centered, manipulative, and demanding. They may also have grandiose fantasies and may be convinced that they deserve special treatment. These characteristics typically begin in early adulthood and must be consistently evident in multiple contexts, such as at work and in relationships.
Individuals with NPD will be easily offended by criticism or defeat and may react with disdain or anger but social withdrawal or the false appearance of humility may also follow according to the DSM-5. A sense of entitlementNarcissistic Entitlement refers to a belief that one’s importance, superiority, or uniqueness should result in getting, disregard for other people, and other aspects of NPD will damage relationships. While a person with NPD may be a high-achiever, the personality disorder can also have a negative impact on performance (due to, for instance, one’s sensitivity to criticism).
Researchers have reported associations between NPD and high rates of substance abuse, mood, and anxiety disorders. These may be attributable to characteristics such as impulsivity and the increased experience of shame in people with NPD. There are different types of NPD, such as Covert and Overt, and many overlapping traits with other Cluster B personality disordersCluster B Personality Disorders are characterized by dramatic, overly emotional, or unpredictable thinking or behavior. They such as Borderline Personality Disorder and Anti-Social Personality Disorder.